Pearl is the birthstone for June
Mohs Hardness 3 to 4
Source French Polynesia, China, Japan, Philippines,
Pearl Types Natural Pearls : Saltwater and freshwater.
Cultured Pearl : Akoya, Tahitian,
South Sea, Freshwater
White, black, grey, yellow, orange, pink, lavender, green & blue.
Natural Saltwater & Freshwater
pearls can be almost
any body colour, but usually they are white or light yellow, and modified by
using a pink, green or blue overtone. Surface lustre varies from dull to nearly
metallic, depending on nacre quality. Uneven fracture with dull to pearly
Cultured Akoya pearls can range from neutral to
near-neutral whites and creams with rose or green overtones, but sometimes can
be yellow, pink (sometimes dyed) or blue.
Cultured Tahitian pearl colour can range from near-neutral
silver, cream or brown to black, grey and blue-green to yellowish green or
purple with green, blue or rose overtones.
Cultured South sea pearls can range from near-neutral white,
cream or silver to yellow, yellowish orange or blue with green, blue or rose
Cultured Freshwater pearls colour
ranges from neutral to near-neutral greys, whites and creams to yellow, pink
and purples with blue or green overtone and orient.
Chemistry CaCo3 Calcium carbonate and water.
Good quality natural pearls are extremely rare and do not require any
treatment. Cultured pearls are a natural product which has been produced with
man made help.
This is through inserting a shell bead
and tissue from the mantle of a pearl into the cell lining of the mollusc. The
tissue grows around the bead to form the pearl. Pearls are bleached with
hydrogen peroxide to lighten and improve their uniformity of colour. Dye is
also used on lower quality natural and cultured pearls this enhances their
colour and irradiation treatment produces black grey or blue grey colours.
Cleaning & Care Never put pearls in a ultrasonic or stem cleaner as high
heat can burn cultured pearls or cause discolouration, splitting or cracking.
It is advised to wipe cultured pearls with a very soft cloth after each wear.
Intense light can cause dehydration and nacre cracking. Many chemicals and all
acids will attack pearls, which include hair sprays, perfume, cosmetics and
even acid perspiration. Visit us on a yearly basis for a FREE clean and polish
Storing Your Pearls When you are not wearing your pearl jewellery place it in
a cloth pouch or in a separate compartment to other gemstone jewellery ( i.e
diamond is 10 on the Mohs scale ) and this could easily cause scratches to the
surface of your pearls.
Interesting Facts Pearls are treasures from the Earths streams, rivers, lakes, seas and
oceans. They have always embodied the mystery, power and life-sustaining nature
of water. In ancient china pearls were believed to guarantee protection from
fire and fire breathing dragons. In Europe they symbolised modesty, chastity
and purity. Natural pearls can be separated from cultured pearls by taking
x-rays to reveal their inner structures. Imitation pearls are smooth when
rubbed against your teeth, while natural or cultured pearls have a slightly